Achieve Engineering Feat: Become an Oil Engineer Today!

July 1, 2013

The field of Engineering has proven to be a sustainable path. This article focuses on Petroleum or Oil Engineering. Find out why people who work on this field make so much money and why Oil Engineering jobs are being sought after.

Education

A college degree in Engineering provides a good entry point but more so if you are trained in Petroleum Engineering. This means flexibility as Petroleum companies may employ Engineers from different fields. However, note that since Engineers have their own specializations, it would be good to pursue Petroleum Engineering. Being a participant in co-op training programs adds merit to your resume later on. Prepare to spend at least four to five years in college.

Apart from earning a Bachelor's degree, Petroleum Engineers also seek out to earn their Master's and Doctor's Degrees. While this is not a requirement, it helps individuals land a more promising career path and a heftier salary when pursuing Oil Engineering jobs. The knowledge earned from advanced and higher learning also contributes to an individual's innovative and strategic potential especially if he or she decides to open a Petroleum Engineering firm.

Job Description

The following provide specific details about Oil Engineering jobs:

Assessment: Oil Engineers are responsible in the assessment of the economic and productive potentials of oil wells.

Geology: Petroleum Engineers also work with Geologists in order to assess the economic and productive viability of potential oil drilling areas.

Production: Petroleum Engineers are also responsible in monitoring production and efficiency levels respective to their areas of jurisdiction.

Coordination: Oil Engineers oversee the installation of production equipment in drilling sites.

Research: Apart from field work, Oil Engineers also have hands on in research to discover innovative strategies in oil drilling and production.

Supervision: Petroleum Engineers also guide a team of people in order to ascertain progress and achievement of production goals.

Job Distribution and Income

Oil Engineers are distributed in various industries. Here is an outline of their estimated distribution and income from the U.S Department of Labor, 2012 - 2013 Edition:

Mining Support: The bulk of Oil Engineers is on field and act as support for mining companies. They make more or less $150,000 annually.

Hospitals: About 15,000 Oil Engineers work for hospitals. They make about $120,000 annually.

Architects: Oil Engineers are also employed in architectural firms and make about $145,000 a year.

Management: Petroleum Engineers work in Management firms as well, and make $150,000 or more annually.

Manufacturing: In the manufacturing industry, Petroleum Engineers less than 10,000 are employed but they make as much as $130,000 per year.

Research: There are a very few Petroleum Engineers working in Research Industries but they make around $150,000 per year.

It should be noted that the figures above can change anytime, and employers have their own packages to offer their employees.

Job Outlook

Between 2010 and 2020, it is estimated that the number of employed Petroleum Engineers will increase from 30,200 individuals in 2010. The number of jobs related to EPC is also bound to grow over the next few years. This growth surge is marked by industrial developments that need the expertise of Petroleum Engineers. These are geothermal production of energy, coal gasification, underground waste disposal, and environmental cleanup.

 

Tips To Become A Good Electrical & Instrumentation Inspection Engineer

June 10, 2013

There is a lot of demand for electrical and instrumentation inspection engineers especially in building projects and construction jobs in industrial projects. Candidates need to be aware of the way electrical devices function and the standards of operation established by the engineering industry for electrical equipment. In order to qualify for these jobs, potential applicants need to obtain a degree or certificate in the electrical or instrumentation field. This article will help job aspirants in landing suitable instrumentation jobs.


Tip#1: Educate Yourself About Electrical & Instrumentation Technology


A degree program in electrical and instrumentation technology will train and provide knowledge about the various concepts related to this type of technology. Candidates for these jobs should be familiar with motors, circuits, microcomputer interfaces, transmitters, digital logic instruments, transducers, and sensors. Knowledge of the proper installation techniques for electrical equipment and the way these individual parts function is a necessity for any job applicant. A degree program from an accredited institute will help job aspirants land suitable jobs as inspection engineers.

Tip#2: Be Ready To Test Electrical Equipment

Inspection engineers are expected to do testing on various types of electrical equipment as part of their job responsibilities. Inspection engineers need to ensure the proper functioning of various electrical equipment. It is their responsibility to examine various electrical devices and instruments like control valves and cable trays. Jobs for instrumentation engineers include inspecting how the wires have been laid, in addition to checking the looping and continuity functions. After completing the inspection, they report their findings and provide necessary suggestions or actions needed to correct any problems in the equipment.

Tip#3: Develop Collaborative Skills


Electrical and instrumentation engineers are required to work with other specialists in the field. They need to coordinate as well as collaborate with other specialists or experts in the field including engineering contractors, vendors, procurement personnel, inspection agencies, clients, and other employees. Inspection engineers will need to have a working knowledge of industrial standards, practices, and procedures and follow the inspection protocol outlined for that particular industry when interacting with other workers. Studying these protocols can help avoid making errors in judgment and help engineers to complete the inspection without facing any hassles.
 
There is a lot of demand for inspection engineers in building projects to check the proper working of electrical parts. This article throws light on some useful tips to become a good electrical and instrumentation inspection engineer.
 

Useful Tips To Draft An Effective Safety Manual

May 9, 2013

It is the job of a health and safety executive (HSE) to draft a comprehensive safety manual to ensure safety of employees working in an oil and gas exploration company. It is important to conduct a thorough risk assessment to identify potential risks faced by employees in the work area.

Necessary precautions and safety measures need to be specifically outlined by the HSE to ensure the safety of employees. The safety of employees should be a matter of concern for all companies. Applicants looking for HSE jobs should be aware of the roles and responsibilities that come with this position. This article throws light on some handy tips to draft an effective safety manual.

Tip#1: Identify Risks Faced By Employees In Various Roles

A HSE should evaluate the risks faced by employees in various roles. Each role may require employees to work in different locations and handle different types of chemicals and gases. The level of risk faced by employees in each of these roles differs and needs to be addressed separately.

Tip#2: Evaluate Accident-Prone Areas In The Workplace

The HSE to identify accident-prone areas such as broken roofs, walkways, wet ladders, parking areas and slippery areas, in the work location.. Put signs in these areas to warn employees of the particular hazard. Repairs should be undertaken as soon as possible to make the area safe.

Tip#3: Collect Necessary Information

All necessary details and information regarding employee protection and safety should be compiled before drafting the safety manual. First-aid kits should be readily available to employees in case of an injury or emergency. Employees should be  trained to handle emergencies such as exposure to chemicals or hazardous materials and how to report a potential safety issue. Instructions on proper use of safety equipment such as gloves and glasses should be given to avoid injury.

Tip#4: Categorize Information Into Sections

The next step is to categorize available information into various sections to make it easy for employees to understand the detailed safety procedures. When applying for an entry level HSE job, make it a point to understand the detailed work responsibilities of the role.

Outline the procedure or protocol to be followed when a particular machine fails to function.  A majority of safety manuals recommend reporting the malfunction of the machinery to the employer and contacting suitable mechanics to conduct repairs.

Tip#5: Set Up A Waste Disposal Mechanism

Set up an appropriate waste disposal mechanism to avoid polluting the environment. Improper waste handling can negatively impact the health of employees.

Tip#6: Have A Plan To Deal With Any Emergency Situation  

Set up a plan and impart training to employees to follow certain steps in an emergency situation to help reduce injuries and possible fatalities. Inform employees about the availability of first-aid kits, fire-alarms and emergency exits.

It is the responsibility of a HSE to draft a comprehensive safety manual to ensure adequate safety measures are in place in an oil drilling location. This article provides useful tips to draft an effective safety manual. 

 

The Process Of Drilling Oil Wells

April 18, 2013
Most of the global energy requirements are met by the natural oil and gas reserves present deep inside the earth. Over a period of several decades, man has made significant advances in the discovery, drilling and extraction of oil. It is very interesting to study and understand the process of drilling oil wells, extracting oil from underground reserves, and refine oil for various industrial and commercial purposes. This article is helpful for those job aspirants looking for offshore oil rigging jobs as it throws light on the process of drilling oil wells.

 
Locating Oil Reserves

The first step is for specialized geologist to identify the locations of oil reserves.  The geologists take seismic surveys using a seismograph.  They plant and explode underground charges in a controlled environment. These explosions create sound waves that are mapped by the seismograph.  By studying these waves, the geologists can draw a map of geological structures in the surrounding areas. These maps help spot oil reserves present far beneath the earth’s surface. 


Drilling

After the detection of oil reserves, the next step is to erect a drilling rig on the earth’s surface that will eventually drill to the oil reserves below. A 5 and 36-inch wide hole is made through the earth’s surface to reach the oil reservoir. The drilling of the ground is aided by the weight of the drill piping over it. This drill piping is also used to pump in a drilling fluid, also termed as "mud",  to get rid of the rock debris that accumulates due to the drilling mechanism. The “mud” consist of plain water, water with air bubbles or polymers. When mud is pumped into the hole, it gets mixed up with the rock debris making it easy to suck this out of the oil rig. 


Casing
 

After the drilling process, the next step is the casing. A casing has to be set up  the length of the bored hole to prevent any leakage or wastage of precious oil reserves. Knowledge of the role of casing in drilling of oil wells is necessary for people looking for jobs in oil rigs. Casing can be done simply by installing a metal pipe down to the bottom of the hole. Oil rigs make use of concrete casing along with metal pipes for the interior lining to maintain and secure the flow of oil. Unstable oil wells or those with pressure problems use complicated casings that include multiple widths of concrete and metal pipe casings. These casings are designed to become narrower as the well gets deeper.


Perforations At The Bottom Of Bore Hole 

The final step in the process of drilling oil wells is to make holes or perforations around the base of the bore hole. Making these perforations will make way for the oil to ooze out of the surrounding rock formations and be directed into the oil well. When tapping into a newly discovered oil well, the underground pressure will be sufficient to bring the oil to the surface. This is largely due to the pile up of high pressure in the oil reserves below. 

This article will be helpful for job aspirants who wish to land jobs in oil rigs to understand the process of drilling oil wells. The article outlines the various steps involved in the process of drilling oil wells. 

 

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